New Nginx.conf with optimizations
Posted by ezmobius Wed, 03 Jan 2007 22:28:00 GMT
I have been working on optimizing my nginx.conf file as I use it on more and more sites. Thanks to folks on the nginx and mongrel mailing lists for some of these fixes. Main improvements is in gzip of dynamic and other content as well as setting the proxy buffers to 0 and a few improvemets in the proxy header settings. This conf also includes a second vhost for ssl that points to the same mongrel cluster so you can hanlde ssl and non ssl with the same cluster and rails request.ssl? helper will work correctly.
Another big improvement is with static file handling. The credit on this one goes to Zed Shaw. He notcies that the rewrites and regex tests for rails cached pages were getting run for every request including static images. So a request for /images/foo.jpg woudl get served in this manor:
/images/foo.jpg/index.html # no file found continue /images/foo.jpg.html # no file found continue /images/foo.jpg # good send it!
This is obviously a performance hit for static files as it has two extra regexes and two extra file stats for every static image. Suck, I wish I found this sooner. To fix this all we need to do is add this test right at the top before the other rewrite tests:
This is an important lesson about your production environment folks. With regards to what you accept as gospel from someone like me. “Trust but verify”. Zed was trying to track down how to do a custom rewrite for alternate cache directories and so he at my behest turned on the debug logging and consequently saw the rewrites happening on every static file. I haven’t been in the rewrite log for a while since I thought my config was good. So when you get config files from people like me off the net, please trust but verify on your own systems.
This new config is running close to 100 instances of nginx at Engine Yard. Nginx has proven to be an excellent choice for a front end proxy balancer for mongrel. It beats apache in all my tests now as far as non gzipped proxy requests, static file requests and it ties with apache for gzipped proxy requests. And its about 30 times more lightweight then apache.
If you were holding off to try nginx until it was proven out by others then let me tell you it has proven itself to me time and time again already as a very easy to manage, high performance options for rails deployment on mongrel. I don’t personally use apache2.2 right now for anything other than mod_svn for subversion over HTTP. But there is stirring of upcoming support for nginx and svn over webdav so stay tuned. When that happens I will happily drop apache from our rotation entirely. Of course take this with a grain of salt as always, I don’t have to support any php apps or legacy stuff right now, just rails. I haven’t personally used php with nginx yet but I see others getting fantastic results so I am not worried for when I may need it.
All in all this new config file performs significantly better then my old one. Somewhere on the order of 20% total improvement overall over the last config file. I have updated the link to poitn from the old article to the right confi file and I am linking it here again for your enjoyment: